” title=”RPH KSSR Y2″>RPH KSSR Y2
Friendship is one of the things that makes life worthwhile. Whether it’s going for a walk or playing a game, there is nothing that brings more fulfillment to life than spending time with a friend. Having friends shouldn’t be taken for granted, for sadly, many are not blessed with the gift of knowing how to make friends, and those of us that have that gift, must never take it for granted…
7 possible items that will ensure an effective student centered lesson, effective personalized lesson and effective high order thinking skills. What is in my mind right now? Vacations, shopping’s, gathering, parties and many more. Argghhh…. How I wish I could think about all that, as my mind is full of assignments, pending workloads, and upcoming test. Left with three more weeks for the final semester to over and then we are off on our own way. Soon all the hard work will be paid off when we graduate and we are entering the new phase of life. Coming back to our blog, this week we are looking at the progress of Assignment A03 which is going to due on 5th April 2011 that leads to the seven possible items that will ensure the student centered lesson, effective personalized lesson and effective higher order thinking skills.
Construction of learning
The word “construct” here talks about constructing own idea and developing schemata based on the five senses that the pupils experience throughout their life. Moreover, as the child grows, they create a deeper understanding as they are able to make connections between their world and the reality. Thus, a teacher must consider all these before he or she creates an interesting lesson such as “hands on activities” for the young learners. The pupils would love an activity that involves them to manipulate the things as they themselves are able to construct their own knowledge. Based on the pupil’s previous knowledge, the teacher creates a lesson that allows them to develop their own schemata and this promotes in learning.
It is crucial for pupils to be able to think or consider all the “WH- questions” before carrying out a task or assessment. The teacher has to facilitate the pupils when they carry out the activities so that the teacher can provide feedbacks when the pupils make mistakes. Therefore, the teacher should create task sheets or activities that provide an opportunity for the pupils to reflect on what/ how they learn. Thinking or generating and developing new ideas are really crucial for pupils because they must be able to solve problems in the nearing future. The pupils would eventually take responsibilities of their own learning when they develop the ability to think and solve problems all by themselves. Well said by our Mahatma Gandhi, “Those who know how to think need no teachers”. Thus, we know how crucial thinking is as it is your ability to use the sixth sense to judge things around you.
Technology? Nowadays we often hear about implementing ICT in schools. In the 21st century, technology is all over as the young learners themselves are so techno savvy as they are able to handle the computers, play station and have lessons which are carried out through the web. Therefore, it is true that pupils at the present time prefers lesson which are carried out online and not the type of boring lessons which are taught using text books, white board or mahjong papers. Thus, as teachers I think its utmost important to be able to implement ICT in schools and provide space for the young learners to manipulate and learn the tools available just like the kind of lessons that we are preparing for the assignment A03. The tools can make learning to look more fun and attractive and this will interest the young learners to learn subconsciously.
Bloom’s taxonomy is most widely accepted hierarchically arrangement of this sort of education and this can be viewed as a continuum of thinking skills which starts with knowledge thinking level and moving to evaluation level of thinking. As we know, bloom’s taxonomy starts from knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. As a teacher, you should attempt to move students up the taxonomy as they progress in their knowledge. Thus, when we are creating a lesson plan, we should always consider our pupils prior knowledge so that we can create a good lesson plan that allows them to trigger their mind and challenge the way of thinking. Building on knowledge and helping kids begin to apply, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate is the key to helping them grow and prosper in school and beyond.
Teacher/ student partnership learning
The teacher should always know their pupils better than anyone else because it is the teacher who is creating and designing the lesson. Thus, the teacher must know the pupils characteristics as it is important for the learning and the development of a child. Looking at the characteristics, when we look at multiple intelligence theory, there are nine intelligence which are the
• Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)
• Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
• Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”) • Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)
• Musical intelligence (“music smart”)
• Interpersonal intelligence (“people smart”)
• Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)
• Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)
Thus, it is really important for the teacher to know what interest the pupils the most. Based on surveys, we know that most children would prefer to listen to music’s or watch movies or videos because that interests them the most. Therefore, when we know that the class has pupil’s who have “Musical intelligence” the teacher should create more lessons using music’s as this will captivate the pupil’s interest in learning.
New meaning comes through social interaction, so the connection between students is important. Cooperative learning and collaboration should be encouraged (Jensen, 1998). The student centered type of teacher prefers this principle of learning and actively involve the collaborative opportunities into each lesson. Collaboration provides students opportunities to learn from their peers and to gain skills that will be beneficial throughout their lives. Therefore, when we create a lesson, we should include more group work which involves the pupil’s participation most of the time.
Assessment is an on-going process that the teacher will assess throughout the lesson. It is really important for the teacher to actually know the pupils level of comprehension on the subject that is being taught. Moreover, even if the pupils are not participating in the discussion, the teacher can always provide feedback and provide space for the pupils to correct the mistake. On the other hand, assessment can help us understand which students learn best under what conditions; with such knowledge comes the capacity to improve the whole of their learning. Thus, the teachers should consider the way of assessing the pupils and one good example would be the portfolio.
Since I was a kid, I was introduced to books called “Peter and Jane” which was my first book and I eventually grew up with that. Peter and Jane helped me to master and improve my language in many ways and that is one reason I enjoyed reading books. Last year when I visited my niece and nephews during the school holidays, I saw them sitting in front of the computer reading some stories that they can retrieve through online. My niece told me that she enjoys reading the “e-book” that her teacher introduced in school. I was not shocked but I knew how advanced the kids nowadays are that they know how to manipulate the computer
(which I learnt just few years back), go online and search for interesting stories that they can read. My niece enjoyed reading the stories as she clicks the mouse button and the page turns (wow).
What is exactly an e-book? E-book is an electronic book which can be found online, and anything that you can read digitally using the computer, laptop screens or on devices called as an electronic books. In future, don’t be surprise to see pupils only carrying the electronic books to schools. We can predict that we wont see children’s carrying bags with heavy exercise books to school instead they only carry an electronic book which is in the size of an exercise book and its way much lighter. I do see the importance of an e-book in future and thus we teachers must be able to create an excellent, interesting e-book that can suit the pupil’s level of proficiency. Thus, what are the kinds of considerations that you must take when you download an e-book for your pupils? Is it the picture, the language, the fonts, background or etc?
My e-book entitled “Linda and the Fade away X-Ray” and this is how I would improve my e-book in order to suit my pupil’s level.
Some editing that I would consider to do to improve my lesson would be;
I find the type of font as well as the size used is not that appropriate to be included in the e-book especially for children because the font seems to be small and plain. It does not give an impact of reading an e-book. Children prefer colours and interesting fonts which are big that can capture their interest in reading it. Therefore, I have edited by using a bright colour- purple and bigger font which is clearer to be read.
It looks much better after editing the fonts as it creates interest in reading for the young learners. The e-book will look more captivating now compared to the previous one.
Looking at the amount of words written, pupils would eventually find it difficult to read and absorb the message. This happens even when the sentence is too long or to much. Thus, we must create words which are short and easily understood by the young learner. If the sentence is too long then we can form another new page. Hence, it is not that appropriate to cram long sentences into one page.
The NEXT amendments that i would consider;
I find this really important because the choice of words will be determined according to our pupil’s level of proficiency. If I am going to use this e-book in a year 4 higher level proficiency classroom, I can pre-teach the word “wailed” and then include it in the story. But if I ought to teach a lower proficiency classroom I think it is not appropriate to use such word. Thus, it’s a MUST for us to take into consideration on the use of language in the e-book created. The pupils has to understand the language in order to know the story.
Lastly, Ms. Ng told my group that when you create an e-book its a must to have a front cover and the end cover of the story. Rather than having a plain pictured ~ THE END~ like the picture below
Even I feel boring looking at it, therefore, for kids we should have a happy ending (most preferable) with a happy face of the character from the e-book story. Thus, I recreated the ending page that looks like this
Week 8? Time really flies am I rite? Remember time is precious therefore, better spend your time wisely and make good use of your free times. Well, last week I did not attend the lecture because I was not feeling well. From what I understand, personalized learning is the combination of few aspects such as the “tailoring of pedagogy, curriculum and learning support to meet the needs and aspirations of individual learners”. Based on this topic, we are to write a lesson plan using the websites given and I find the story bird website which is a collaborative learning is definitely interesting to use in order to teach a lesson in the school. This is because, pupils would definitely like listening to stories and as we know, storytelling is an awesome way to teach and learn language for young learners. Thus, I decided to use the story bird website to teach my pupils.
You can view my story in this webpage..
This is how my lesson plan is carried out;
Subject: English subject
Enrollment : 20 pupils
Class: 3 Melur
Level of proficiency: High
Date: 20th July 2010
Time : 2.00- 3.00pm
Theme : World of Stories
Topic : Jessie and the Bear.
Focused Skill : Reading
Integrated Skills : Writing and Speaking
Curriculum Specifications : 2.4 Tell stories based on pictures and other stimuli, and recite
3.9 Read and enjoy simple poems and stories and respond to them by talking about t he
people, and moral values in the story/poem; and relate it to one’s life.
4.7 Give accurate information when writing messages, instructions, simple reports, and when filling out forms.
Language Focus: Adjectives (Big, beautiful, small, pretty, brown)
Previous Knowledge: Pupils have learnt about adjectives (gives more information to describe a noun and a pronoun)
Behavioural Objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils will be able to:
i) Dictate the text and learn to write the sentences in a correct form.
ii) Read and understand the adjectives use by carrying the flash cards each time they see the adjectives (Big, Beautiful, brown, pretty)
iii) Fill in the blanks with the correct use of adjectives.
Moral Values: Learn to appreciate, love the animals and take care of them.
Teaching aid : Flash cards, pictures, and task sheet
1. Teacher shows a picture entitled “Jessie and the Bear” to the pupils in the classroom.
2. Teacher asks the pupils to look at the pictures carefully and describe every thing that they see.
3. Pupils give response to the teacher’s question.
4. Teacher writes everything that the pupils mention on the board.
5. He/She erase all the other words except the language focus which is the adjectives.
1. Teacher chooses the adjectives and then preteaches the adjectives using pictures. (For instance; big, brown- picture of a tree)
2. Teacher conducts a game called “Scribes and Messages”.
3. Teacher makes copies of the story “Jessie and the Bear” and then pastes the story infront of the class.
4. Teacher divides the class into three groups.
5. Teacher asks pupils to clear the chairs and tables in the classroom.
6. Teacher will place one row of chairs at the back and in front leaving the middle place empty then instruct one person from each group to sit at the back row.
7. The teacher will paste the story on the wall and give instruction on how to conduct the whole process.
8. The messenger will read the message infront of the wall and pass the message to the middle person.
9. The middle person will run and tell their group member who will write the message on the paper.
10. The teacher reads the article and allows the pupils to check through the article.
1. The teacher will divide the pupils into groups and distribute the story.
2. Teacher also distributes the adjectives flash cards for every group and they are required to carry the flash cards each time they mention the word on the story.
3. Each one pupil takes turns to read the story among their groups.
4. Teacher walks around and observes the pupils group by group.
1. Teacher divides the pupils in pairs and distributes each a task sheet.
2. Each pair will be given task sheet A and task sheet B.
3. The teacher prepares a task sheet in which the pupils have to complete the missing sentence. Both the task sheets are incomplete and the pairs have to read to each other in order to complete the story.
4. The pair A will start reading and the pair B has to fill in the text with the correct adjectives.
5. Then, they take turns to read and complete the text.
6. Teacher calls few representatives to come in front and present their answers.
1. Teacher reemphasizes on the language focus taught to the students
2. Teacher inculcates moral values to the pupils.
Sometimes, it is better to reflect upon the kind of person we are when we are alone. Don’t you think so? Well, we can actually judge the kind of person we are when we do that. You should try out because it works for me!
Thus, the same goes to reflecting on each and every activity that we carry out in the classroom. Looking back to the previous activity of “Who wants to be a millionaire?” all that I have to say is, it was really an awesome game as a whole. I never thought that we could actually play such games in the classroom for the pupils. Now I know that imagination and creativity is utmost important for a teacher who teaches the primary school kids. Am I right?
I have learnt to give more feedback when we were given the opportunities to comment on each others presentations last week. It also helps me to look at the advantages and disadvantages of creating a game that would eventually suite the pupils well. Moreover, I have also learnt that we as a cohort have developed and grown up as good future teachers. Don’t you think so? I find the activities are so amazing that the pupils would definitely enjoy such interesting games in classroom. We have to consider many aspects before we can create a game, for instance the background, fonts, and the topic chosen.
Most important of all, the school must have proper ICT facilities to actually allow the teachers to carry out such interesting activities. Moreover, talking about critical thinking, every student must be able to synthesize the problem or the question played in the “wwtbam” game. Students must also analyze the questions and discuss among their groups before they choose the right answer. In all the other games, the pupils should be allowed to use their “higher order thinking skills” when they play such games. Just merely answering or guessing is not a good way to test the pupil’s knowledge or input that has been taught previously.
In all the other games, the pupils must be able to:
Analysis, in which the students can arrange, connect, diagram, illustrate, and divide.
Synthesis where the students can create, combine, collaborate, rewrite, design.
Evaluation, students can compare, explain, persuade, justify, measure.
Guess that is what i have learnt from the ICT game and the feedback that i have given for my peers throughout the lesson. Hope we can improve more on the lessons in future in order to create a different impact on the pupils learning. Adios~
Hey friends, before I start writing my 6th entry I should say I am extremely sorry for the late entry. Guess I was to busy celebrating my valentine’s day till I forgot to update my blog. Every one had our favourite cartoon, nursery rhymes, and games when we were young. During my childhood, I was a Barbie craze. I will make sure my Barbie is prettier than my sister’s Barbie and that’s the real why I used to keep her look so clean and neat. This eventually made me to search for barber games online. Then, I found a website called the Barbie.com which is filled with girl’s world. It was an awesome game because there were so many different activities and games that girls would love to play. I would use this game if I enter the girl’s school ONLY.
I couldn’t believe that I was so into Barbie those days and thinking about how I took care of a doll, makes me laugh out loud. Though I was young I eventually knew that the Barbie is such a fragile thing and I should take really good care of it. It clearly shows why most women’s are know for their caring attitude compared to men’s. Thanks to Barbie Dolls! =)
This is how the Barbie page used to look like. But years back it was filled with P-I-N-K, but there were not much games and videos. But now it looks just like a perfect game for girls. [See we are lucky to be born] hahaha
Sorry for being gender bias, but this was the online game that I envy the most when I was young and that the reason why I want to use this as to create my lesson.
Proficiency level: High
Previous knowledge: Students are already familiar with some occupations (e.g.: Teacher Engineers, Doctor)
Topic: My Occupation
Language focus: Sentence pattern; I want to be a __________. I want to ___________.
Focused Skill: Speaking
Integrated skill: Reading and writing
Learning objectives: At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
– Spell the occupations correctly
– Read and write the sentence pattern correctly
Eg: I want to be a teacher. I want to teach children.
– Teacher asks the pupils what they want to become in future.
– Teacher show them some pictures using the LCD.
– Teacher asks the pupils to guess the occupations of those in the picture.
– Teacher pre teach the occupations with the correct spelling.
– Teacher plays the video and allows the pupils to watch the video form Barbie.com
– Teacher picks few pupils to tell which occupation they like the most after
watching the video.
– Teacher paste the sentence patterns on the board.
– Teacher drills the sentence patterns until everyone gets the correct enunciation.
– Teacher divides the pupils into big group of five.
– Teacher clearly briefs the pupils on how the activity/ game will be carried out.
– Each person in the group will be given the picture of Barbie with an occupation.
(EXP: Barbie holding a stethoscope, holding a chalk with book, wearing like a
– One by one has to take turns to describe about their occupation, “for instance; I
treat my patients”. The pupils has to follow the correct sentence patterns when
– The other will have to guess what was the occupation based on the description
given by the group member.
– Teacher monitors the pupils as she/he goes around scaffolding.
– After that, one member of the group will come out in front and read out on what
her occupation does.
– The rest of the class has to guess the correct occupation.
– Teacher allows the pupils to create an account in the Barbie.com webpage and
continues creating a new Barbie with the appropriate costume that suits the
– Teacher allows the pupils to play around in the Barbie webpage as they must get
use to the webpage.
– Teacher asks pupils to watch the videos on the occupations.
– Teacher discuss about the people and their occupations in real life.
– Teacher drills the sentence patterns one more.
– Teacher asks the pupils recall what they had learnt that day.
– Teacher integrates moral values.
Basically that’s my lesson plan that can be used in the girl’s school. I guess this lesson
can’t be implemented in the boys school? Can we?
That’s just a question for everyone to ponder. Sorry again for the late entry people. Enjoy
reading my blog and please do drop by your comments. Hope you all had a great
valentine too! =]